典型生态保育区农户对环境变化的感知研究——基于宁夏党家岔湿地自然保护区的农户调研  

Farmers’ perception of environmental change in typical ecological conservation area: Nature reserves of Dangjiacha Wetland Natural Reserve in Ningxia

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作  者:乔斌 何彤慧 苏芝屯 QIAO Bin;HE Tonghui;SU Zhitun;Ningxia University Key Laboratory for Restoration and Reconstruction of Degraded Ecosystem,Ministry of Education;Ningxia University Breeding Base of State Key Laboratory for Preventing Land Degradation and Ecological Restoration;Qinghai Province Institute of Meteorological Sciences

机构地区:宁夏大学西北退化生态系统恢复与重建教育部重点实验室 宁夏大学西北土地退化与生态恢复省部共建国家重点实验室培育基地 青海省气象科学研究所

出  处:《干旱区资源与环境》2019年第1期65-71,共7页Journal of Arid Land Resources and Environment

基  金:国家自然科学基金项目(41761102、41361095);宁夏大学研究生创新项目(GIP2017006);北京绿色未来环境基金会绿苗计划项目(2016LM043)资助

摘  要:以典型生态保育区宁夏党家岔湿地自然保护区社区农户为研究案例,采用参与式农户评估方法,计量了当地社区农户生计多样性,分析了农户对环境变化的感知,测度了农户对自然保护区保护与发展的策略选择的认知。结果表明:1)当地农户多为贫困人口,受教育程度普遍较低,老龄化问题突出,三代同堂的大家庭占90. 91%。小型家庭、主流家庭和巨型家庭的生计多样性指数分别为1. 45、2. 68和2. 64; 2)不同背景标签的农户对湿地生态环境变化的感知表现出认知偏差,对居住村落环境变化的感知体现出空间层次性; 3)当地农户更关注短期生计利益,更关心居所村落'小环境'的改善,对自然保护区不能直接获得经济效益的'大生态环境'的保育与恢复不太关注。In this study,a participatory rural appraisal was used to study community farmers in Dangjiaba Wetland Nature Reserve in Ningxia; the diversity of livelihoods of farmers was measured,the farmers’ perceptions of environmental changes were analyzed,and the farmers’ understanding of cognition of strategy choice of conservation and development of Nature Reserves was discussed.The results show:( 1) Most of the local community farmers are poor,with generally lower levels of education,aging issue is prominent; large families with three generations account for 90.91%.Livelihood diversity indices for small-scale,mainstream and mega-family families are 1.45,2.68 and 2.64,respectively.( 2) The farmers with different background labels show one-sidedness in their perceptions of the changes in the ecological environment of the wetlands,and their perceptions of the changes in the living environment in the villages show spatial hierarchy.( 3) Local farmers pay more attention to the interests of short-term livelihoods,they concern more about the improvement of housing environment,and scarcely concern about the conservation and restoration of ecological environment in which nature reserves cannot directly obtain economic benefits.

关 键 词:农户 环境感知 生计方式 党家岔湿地自然保护区 乡村社区 

分 类 号:F592.7[经济管理—旅游管理;经济管理—产业经济]

 

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