以色列哈西德派初探  

An Exploration on Israel s Hasidim

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作  者:李志芬 LI Zhi-fen(History Department,Yan’an University,Yan’an,Shaanxi,716000,China)

机构地区:[1]延安大学历史系,陕西延安716000

出  处:《史学集刊》2019年第2期24-34,共11页Collected Papers of History Studies

摘  要:哈西德派是18世纪末产生于东欧的一支犹太民间教派。二战后,部分在纳粹大屠杀中劫后余生的哈西德信徒在犹太人的故地巴勒斯坦进行社团重建。哈西德派不是犹太复国主义者,其对该运动的态度经历了从强烈反对到逐步接受的过程。自视为犹太传统的真正捍卫者、拥有独立教育体系的哈西德派在以色列社会是一个相对隔离和孤立的宗教文化群体。为塑造以色列国家的犹太性和确保自身在宗教事务上的发言权,哈西德派有节制地参与以色列的政治生活,并形成政坛上一支相对稳定的力量。哈西德派的服兵役豁免权成为其与世俗犹太人矛盾与冲突的焦点。经济贫困和与主流社会的疏离已成为当前制约以色列哈西德派健康、正常发展的两大难题。Hasidim is one of Judaism sect that sprang from Eastern Europe s lower class Jewish people in the late 18 th century.After World WarⅡ,some lucky survivor from the holocaust began their community reconstruction in Palestine.Hasidim are not Zionist,their attitude toward this national movement was from strong disagreement to gradual acceptation.Regarding themselves as the genuine defender of Jewish tradition and having its independent education system,Hasidim is a relative isolated group in Israel society.In order to mould modern Israel s Jewishness and guarantee their power on religion affairs,Hasidim participate in Israel s politics moderately and become a stable political power.Their immunity from military service is the focus of their conflict with secular Jewish.At present,poverty and estrangement from the mainstream society are the two problems that restrict Hasidim from developing normally and healthily.

关 键 词:以色列 哈西德派 犹太人 

分 类 号:D815.4[政治法律—国际关系;政治法律—政治学;政治法律—外交学]

 

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