虚拟治理成本法在环境刑事司法实践中的运用  

The Application of Virtual Disposal Cost Approach in Environmental Criminal Justice Practice

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作  者:李挚萍[1,2] 刘畅[1] Li Zhiping;Liu Chang

机构地区:[1]中山大学法学院,广州510275 [2]中国法学会环境资源法学研究会

出  处:《中州学刊》2019年第2期86-91,共6页Academic Journal of Zhongzhou

基  金:国家社会科学基金重点项目“环境修复司法制度研究”(16AFX020)。

摘  要:生态环境损害行为入罪的难点在于损害数额及入罪量刑标准难以确定。虚拟治理成本法是国家环境保护部门推荐的计算生态环境损害数额的主要方法,通过考察与之相关的刑事案件,可以发现环境刑事司法实践中存在混淆生态利益与财产利益,以“公私财产损失”对生态环境损害进行定性等问题。我国应及时明确生态环境损害行为的入罪量刑标准,在制定标准时综合考虑生态环境损害的复杂性、行为人对危害后果的认识能力等因素。The difficulties of defining the crime of damaging action against the ecological environment in criminal law include quantifying the value of the ecological environment and determining amount of conviction and sentencing.The virtual disposal approach is a main method recommended by the State Environmental Protection Administration to calculate ecological environment damage amount.Through analyzing the relevant criminal cases,it can be found that there is confusion of ecological interests and property interests in the practice of environmental criminal justice,and the ecological environment damage is defined by the public property loss.We should clarify the conviction and sentencing standards of damage action against ecological environment,and consider comprehensively the complexity of ecological environmental damage and the cognition ability of the perpetrator of the harmful result in formulating the standard.

关 键 词:生态环境损害 虚拟治理成本法 司法实践 环境犯罪 

分 类 号:D922.68[政治法律—环境与资源保护法学;政治法律—法学]

 

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