国内外生态旅游研究述评及展望  

A Review of Ecotourism for Domestic and Foreign

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作  者:向莉 胡进耀[2] XIANG Li;HU Jinyao(Southwest Minzu Research Institute,Southwest Minzu University,Chengdu,Sichuan 610000;Ecological Engineering Technology Research Center of Mianyang Teachers' College,Mianyang,Sichuan 621006)

机构地区:[1]西南民族大学西南民族研究院,四川成都610000 [2]绵阳师范学院生态环境工程技术研究中心,四川绵阳621006

出  处:《绵阳师范学院学报》2019年第2期72-82,共11页Journal of Mianyang Normal University

基  金:生态安全与保护四川省重点实验室项目(ESP1413);四川省教育厅重点项目(18ZA0266).

摘  要:生态旅游作为一种可持续发展方式,倡导社区参与、共建共享,可提高当地居民的经济收益.本文以1987-2017年间公开发表的国内外生态旅游研究成果为基础,采用文献综述方法,对筛选的7 244篇国内外期刊文献进行梳理与总结,通过对国内外文献的载文时间与数量、期刊来源、研究方法、研究主题、研究区域与分布以及研究内容六个方面进行对比分析.研究结果表明:①国内外研究生态旅游文献均呈递增趋势;②期刊研究主题都涉及生态旅游主体、客体、媒体、载体、产品、规划等方面;③国外生态旅游研究呈现三个阶段的发展态势,国内生态旅游研究呈现四个阶段的发展态势,而国外研究发展时间较国内早.通过厘清国内外研究差异,为国内生态旅游研究发展指明方向,今后生态旅游研究需关注新视角下生态旅游的内在机理、发展模式、动力机制以及生态旅游转型升级等方面研究.Ecotourism,as a way of sustainable development,advocates community participation,co-construction and sharing,which can improve the economic benefits of local residents.Based on the domestic and foreign ecotourism research results published from 1987 to 2017,this paper reviews the selected 7244 domestic and foreign periodical literatures,by comparing the time and quantity of documents,periodical sources,research methods,research topics,research area and distribution,and research content of domestic and foreign literature,six aspects are compared and analyzed.The findings indicate that:①The literature of ecotourism research about domestic and abroad shows an increasing trend.②The research topics of the journal are all related to the subject,object,media,carrier,products,and planning of ecotourism.③The study of ecotourism about domestic shows the development trend of three stages.The study of ecotourism about abroad shows the development trend of four stages.The research and development time abroad is earlier than domestic.By clarifying the domestic and foreign research differences,it points out the direction for the development of domestic ecotourism research,in the future,ecotourism research should pay attention to the internal mechanism,development mode,dynamic mechanism and transformation and upgrading of ecotourism under the new perspective.

关 键 词:生态旅游 研究综述 生态旅游主体 

分 类 号:Q149[生物学—生态学;生物学—普通生物学] F59

 

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