一种新的房颤心电融合特征提取方法  

A novelfusion feature extraction methodfor atrial fibrillation detection

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作  者:韦杰英 王迪 孙亚楠 张瑞[1] WEI Jieying;WANG Di;SUN Yanan;ZHANG Rui(Medical Big Data Research Center,Northwest University,Xi′an 710127,China)

机构地区:[1]西北大学医学大数据研究中心,陕西西安710127

出  处:《西北大学学报:自然科学版》2019年第1期19-26,共8页Journal of Northwest University(Natural Science Edition)

基  金:国家自然科学基金面上项目(61473223);陕西省创新人才推进计划项目(2018TD-016).

摘  要:心房颤动(简称房颤)是临床上最常见的心律失常之一。阵发性房颤的发作具有突发性、反复性且发作时间短暂等特点,因而临床上往往难以及时捕捉到房颤心电而造成误诊漏诊等现象。它在心电图上的表征主要为:①P波缺失,代之房颤波(f波);②RR间期绝对不规则。针对这两个表现,文中提出了一种新的房颤心电融合特征提取方法。首先对心电信号进行去噪处理,并对去噪后的心电信号进行可调品质因子小波变换;其次,对QRS波群频带的重构信号进行R峰的自动检测,并计算RR间期变异系数与子串长度概率分布熵;然后,绘制P波频带范围内小波系数的T-lag散点图,并提取置信散度距离和与置信散度指数;最后将这两类特征构成房颤心电融合特征,并结合MIT-BIH心房颤动数据库与超限学习机完成房颤的自动检测,以验证所提方法的可行性与有效性。文中所提方法的平均检测结果的准确率、敏感度和特异度分别为96.36%,94.64%,98.15%,表明所提方法能够有效地完成房颤心电的自动识别。Atrial fibrillation(AF),which is one of the commonest arrhythmias,always presents suddenness,recurrence and briefly attacking time.Therefore,it is difficult to detect AF in time using electrocardiogram(ECG)so as to cause the missed diagnosis and misdiagnosis in clinics.There are two main representations of AF on ECG:P wave absence and RR interval irregularity.Based on such observation,this paper proposes a new fusion feature extraction method for AF detection.Firstly,the ECG signals are denoised and transformed by the tunable q-factor wavelet transform(TQWT).Secondly,the R-peaks are detected on the reconstructed ECG signals during the QRS complexed wave frequency bands,and then,the variation coefficient and the probability distribution entropy of RR intervals are calculated.Thirdly,the T-lag scatter plot of the wavelet coefficient in the P wave frequency bands are drawn,and then,the distance and index of confidence divergence are calculated respectively.Finally the fusion AF feature,which is combined by above four measures,is fed into extreme learning machine(ELM)to complete the automatic PAF detection.Simulation results on MIT-BIH atrial fibrillation database verify the feasibility and efficiency of the proposed method.The accuracy,sensitivity and specificity of the average results reach 96.36%,94.64%,and 98.15%.

关 键 词:房颤 心电信号 小波变换 散点图 融合特征 

分 类 号:O29[理学—应用数学;理学—数学]

 

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