知识员工创新失败学习仅靠领导包容足够吗?——一个被调节的中介模型  

Knowledge Employees Learning from Innovation Failure Only Requires Inclusive Leadership?--a Moderated Mediation Model

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作  者:张昊民[1] 宗凌羽 Zhang Haomin;Zong Lingyu(School of Management,Shanghai University,Shanghai 200072,China)

机构地区:[1]上海大学管理学院,上海200072

出  处:《科技进步与对策》2019年第4期146-153,共8页Science & Technology Progress and Policy

基  金:教育部人文社会科学研究规划基金项目(16YJA630036);上海市软科学研究项目(16692105800).

摘  要:知识员工在创新工作中的失败学习具有高价值和高阻力特征,领导的积极引导和员工自身素养是促进失败学习的良方。基于关系型领导理论和经验学习理论,引入心理资本作为中介变量,以批判性思维作为调节变量,构建被调节的中介模型,探讨包容型领导对知识员工失败学习的影响机制。对368名知识员工的样本数据进行实证分析发现:包容型领导正向影响知识员工失败学习,心理资本在该过程中起部分中介作用;批判性思维正向调节心理资本与知识员工失败学习的关系,包容型领导通过心理资本影响知识员工失败学习的间接效应。Knowledge employees learning from failure in innovative work has the characteristics of high value and high resistance.Leaders′active guidance and employees′own quality are effective ways to promote learning from failure.Based on relational leadership theory and experience learning theory,the authors introduced psychological capital as a mediator and critical thinking as a moderator,built a moderated mediation model to study the influence mechanism of inclusive leadership on knowledge employees′learning from failure.The empirical analysis on 368 knowledge employees′sample data found that inclusive leadership has a positive effect on knowledge employees′learning from failure.Psychological capital partially mediates the relationship between inclusive leadership and learning from failure.Critical thinking positively moderates the relationship between psychological capital and learning from failure as well as the indirect effect caused by inclusive leadership to learning from failure through psychological capital.

关 键 词:知识员工 包容型领导 心理资本 失败学习 批判性思维 

分 类 号:C969[经济管理—人力资源管理;社会学]

 

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