丘陵山区果园开沟施肥机的研制——基于农机与农艺融合  

Research on the Ditching and Fertilizing Machine in Orchard of the Hilly and Mountainous Areas --Based on the Integration of Agricultural Machinery and Agronomy

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作  者:王攀 陈建[2] 余满江 庹洪章 卢营蓬 易文裕 Wang Pan;Chen Jian;Yu Manjiang;Tuo Hongzhang;Lu Yingpeng;Yi Wenyu(Sichuan Research & Design Institute of Agricultural Machinery,Chengdu 610066,China;College of Engineering and Technology,Southwest University, Chongqing 400715,China;Key Laboratory of Agricultural Equipment Technology for Hilly and Mountainous Areas Ministry of Agriulture,Chengdu 610066,China)

机构地区:[1]四川省农业机械研究设计院,成都610066 [2]西南大学工程技术学院,重庆400715 [3]农业部丘陵山地农业装备技术重点实验室,成都610066

出  处:《农机化研究》2019年第6期109-115,共7页Journal of Agricultural Mechanization Research

基  金:重庆市应用开发计划重点项目(cstc2013yykfB70002).

摘  要:针对丘陵山区果园开沟施肥机械化水平低、人工作业劳动强度大及效率低的问题,综合考虑丘陵山区果园农机与农艺的融合,设计了一种立式单轴果园开沟施肥机。该开沟施肥机以1WG6.3型微耕机作为动力机械,额定功率6.3kW,扶手能够进行360°旋转,便于作业。田间试验表明:该机一次作业可完成开沟、施肥两项工艺过程,所开沟深大于250mm,沟宽小于500mm,抛出土壤均匀落在沟的右侧,抛土距离小于700mm,排肥均匀性较好,无漏施现象,生产率800m/h以上,作业过程中可根据农艺要求调节沟深和排肥量的大小。In view of the low level of mechanization, high labor intensity of manual work and low efficiency in orchards of the Hilly and mountainous areas, a vertical single shaft axial orchard ditching and fertilizing machine is designed considering the integration of agricultural machinery and Agronomy in Hilly and mountainous areas. The 1WG6.3 tiller is used as a power machine for the ditching and fertilizing machine. Its rated power is 6.3kW. The armrest can be rotated at 360 degrees to facilitate the operation. Field experiments show that the one-time operation of the machine can complete two technological processes of ditching and fertilizing. The depth of the ditch is more than 250mm, and the width of the ditch is less than 500mm. The soil is thrown evenly on the right side of the ditch and the distance of the thrown soil is less than 700mm. the uniformity of discharge is better and there is no leakage. The productivity is above 800m/h. In the process of operation, the depth of the ditch and the amount of fertilizer can be adjusted according to the agronomic requirements.

关 键 词:果园 开沟施肥机 农机与农艺融合 丘陵山区 

分 类 号:S222.52[农业科学—农业机械化工程;农业科学—农业工程]

 

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