西部地区一流建设学科的特点及启示  

The Characteristics and Enlightenment of First-class Construction Discipline in Western China

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作  者:孙刚成 林婧 SUN Gangcheng;LIN Jing(School of Education Science,Yan’an University,Yan’an 716000,China)

机构地区:[1]延安大学教育科学学院,延安716000

出  处:《重庆高教研究》2019年第2期20-28,共9页CHONGQING HIGHER EDUCATION RESEARCH

基  金:陕西省重大招标课题“市级人民政府、市县党政领导干部及相关省级部门履行教育行政职责的评价体系及组织实施研究”(ZDKT1921);陕西省高水平大学建设专项资金资助项目“教育学”(2015SXTS01).

摘  要:我国西部地区是经济社会发展较落后的区域,也是教育发展相对落后的区域,研究和分析西部地区国家一流建设学科特点,对西部地区高等教育的持续、快速和健康发展具有现实意义。研究主要采用文献分析,借鉴追踪研究和扎根理论研究的理念与方法,对西部地区入选第一批国家一流建设的学科进行深入分析。研究发现,西部地区一流建设学科以川陕地区为主力,主要以地域优势资源为生发点和内生力,遵循学科成长规律,并通过服务国家战略需求赢得发展机遇。西部高校促进一流学科建设,需要加强区域资源的开发利用,坚持双向度平衡,坚持学科发展核心不动摇和引培结合,内外兼修,才能走好一流学科建设发展之路。The western region of China is backward in the economic and social development,as well as the education development.It is of great practical significance to study and analyze the characteristics of first-class national construction disciplines in western China for the sustained,rapid and healthy development of higher education in western China.The research mainly uses the literature analysis method,draws lessons from the tracing research and the root research idea and the basic method,and carries on the thorough analysis to the discipline which the western region selects the first batch of universities first-class construction discipline list.The study found that the first-class construction disciplines in western China have the prominent characteristics of taking Sichuan and Shaanxi areas as the main force,developing first-class disciplines mainly with geographical advantage resources as the origin point and endogenous force,constructing first-class disciplines in accordance with the evolutionary law of subject life and serving the national development strategy with the help of the platform.Therefore,to promote the construction of first-class disciplines,colleges and universities need to strengthen the development and utilization of regional resources,adhere to the balance of bidirectional degree,adhere to the strategy of combining the core of discipline development with the combination of attracting talents of extension and self-cultivation,pursue both internal and external disciplines,and take the road of the development of first-class construction disciplines.

关 键 词:“双一流”建设 一流学科 西部高等教育 学科差异化发展 人才引进 

分 类 号:G646[文化科学—高等教育学;文化科学—教育学]

 

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