合肥市某企业粉尘作业工人肺功能检查结果分析  

Analysis of Results of pulmonary function test of dust-exposed workers in Hefei

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作  者:周思静[1] 周俊生[1] 刘胜萍[1] 张薇[1] 梁峰 ZHOU Si-jing;ZHOU Jun-sheng;LIU Sheng-ping;ZHANG Wei;LIANG Feng(Hefei Prevention and Treatment Center for Occupational Diseases,Hefei,Anhui 230022,China)

机构地区:[1]合肥市职业病防治院,合肥市第三人民医院职业病科,安徽合肥230022

出  处:《临床肺科杂志》2019年第3期454-456,共3页Journal of Clinical Pulmonary Medicine

摘  要:目的 了解不同工龄粉尘作业工人的肺功能情况,为尘肺病防治提供理论依据。方法 选取在合肥市职业病防治院接受体检并做肺功能检查项目的124名粉尘作业工人作为研究对象,同时选取接受肺功能检查的100名非粉尘作业工人为对照组。结果 粉尘作业组的FEV1占预计值百分比为84.35±12.19(%),粉尘作业组的FVC占预计值百分比为74.07±12.54(%),粉尘作业组的FEV1/FVC为79.23±10.19(%),均低于对照组,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.05)。粉尘作业组的肺功能异常率为49.2%,高于对照组的6%,差异有统计学意义(χ2=58.68,P<0.05)。随着粉尘作业年限的增加,肺功能指标呈下降趋势,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论 粉尘接触会造成作业工人的肺功能下降,建议用人单位应加强对粉尘作业工人的健康监护,定期进行肺功能检查,减少尘肺病的发生。Objective To demonstrate the lung function of dust-exposed workers with different length of service,and to provide theoretical basis for prevention and management of pneumoconiosis.Methods A total of 124 dust-exposed workers,who received examination and pulmonary function tests,were selected as the observation group.Another 100 workers without dust exposure under the same examination were taken as the control group for comparison.Results The levels of FEV 1(84.35±12.19)%,FVC(74.07±12.54)%,and FEV 1/FVC(79.23±10.19)%in the observation group were lower than those in the control group,and the differences were statistically significant(P<0.05).The abnormal rate of pulmonary function in the observation group was 49.2%,which was higher than that in the control group(6%)(P<0.05).The rate of lung dysfunction increased with increasing of length of service,and the differences were statistically significant(P<0.05).Conclusion Dust exposure can cause lung function decline in workers.It is recommended that health monitoring for dust-exposed workers should be strengthened,and the regular pulmonary function test should be carried out to prevent and control the pneumoconiosis.

关 键 词:肺功能 粉尘 尘肺 

分 类 号:R135.2[医药卫生—劳动卫生;医药卫生—公共卫生与预防医学]

 

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