芽孢杆菌在农业生产中的应用  

Advances of Bacillus application in agriculture:A review

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作  者:崔晓[1,2] 徐艳霞 刘俊杰[2] 郭兆奎[4] 王光华[2] CUI Xiao;XU Yanxia;LIU Junjie;GUO Zhaokui;WANG Guanghua(School of Life Science and Technology,Mudanjiang Normal University,Mudanjiang 157012,China;Key Laboratory of Mollisols Agroecology,Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology,CAS,Harbin 150081,China;Heilongjiang Animal Science Institute,Qiqihar 161005,China;Institute of Tobacco Science,Heilongjiang Branch,China National Tobacco Corporation,Harbin 150076,China)

机构地区:[1]牡丹江师范学院生命科学与技术学院,黑龙江牡丹江157012 [2]中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所黑土区农业生态重点实验室,黑龙江哈尔滨150081 [3]黑龙江省畜牧研究所,黑龙江齐齐哈尔161005 [4]中国烟草总公司黑龙江省公司烟草科学研究所,黑龙江哈尔滨150076

出  处:《土壤与作物》2019年第1期32-42,共11页Soil and Crop

基  金:国家重点研发计划(2017YFD0200604);黑龙江省青年基金项目(QC2015027).

摘  要:芽孢杆菌是一类好氧或兼性厌氧,能产生抗逆性芽孢的革兰氏阳性细菌。具有种类多,遗传稳定性强,耐高温和抗逆性强等特性。芽孢杆菌是一类重要的资源微生物,包含许多具有特殊功能的菌株,可用于防治植物病虫害,溶解土壤中难溶的含磷化合物等,在工业、农业及医学等科学领域有着十分广泛的应用价值。本文介绍了芽孢杆菌的主要种类、作用机制和不同芽孢杆菌的功能,分析了目前芽孢杆菌应用在农业生产中所存在的问题及今后研究发展的趋势。Bacillus is a kind of aerobic or facultative anaerobic Gram-positive bacteria,which can produce resistant spores.Bacillus has many species and is featured with strong genetic stability,high temperature and stress resistance.Bacillus is also a kind of important beneficial microorganism,and has many strains with special functions,which can be used to control plant diseases and insect pests,and dissolve non-soluble phosphorus compounds in soils.Moreover,it has a very extensive application value in industry,agriculture and medicine.In this paper,we introduced the classification of main Bacillus species,discussed the mechanisms and functions of different Bacillus species.The existing problems of the Bacillus application in agriculture and its future research avenue were proposed.

关 键 词:促生 溶菌 生态位竞争 解磷 芽孢杆菌菌剂 

分 类 号:Q939.1[生物学—微生物学]

 

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