小径木重组材与家具设计的关联性研究  

Study on small-diameter wood scrimber and furniture design

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作  者:陈亚楠[1] 杨洋[1] 张仲凤[1] CHEN Yanan;YANG Yang;ZHANG Zhongfeng(Central South University of Forestry and Technology, the Green Dwelling Engineering Technology Research Center of Hunan Province, Changsha 410004, China)

机构地区:[1]中南林业科技大学,湖南省绿色家居工程技术研究中心,长沙410004

出  处:《林业工程学报》2019年第1期155-159,共5页Journal of Forestry Engineering

基  金:国家自然科学基金(31872697);湖南省自然科学杰出青年基金(16JJ1028)。

摘  要:小径木重组材是一种先进生物质材料,在家具、地板制造和室内外用材等方面具有较好的应用前景。为了研究小径木重组材与家具设计之间的关联性,探明小径木重组材应用于家具设计的具体适应性,文章综合运用比较分析法、功能分析法、调查法等科学研究方法,在概述小径木重组材的制造工艺和应用范围的基础上,从家具设计的形式设计、功能设计、情感设计和绿色设计4个方面,结合小径木重组材的材料特性和家具设计过程中对于材料的表现要求,对比了小径木重组材在软硬、轻重、冷暖等感觉性能及肌理、色彩、光泽等表面性能与天然木材的异同,分析了小径木重组材的机械加工性能和功能改性对于家具功能的增益,描述了小径木重组材培养型和寓物型情感特征的由来,调查了小径木重组材在产品生命周期评价体系中与定向刨花板、中密度纤维板相比能源消耗的增减。最终验证了小径木重组材应用于家具设计与制造的合理性和优胜性,侧面反映了家具制造对于小径木重组材制材的改性要求,为利用小径木重组材进行家具设计提出了参考要素,为拓宽木质家具用材渠道同时实现小径木重组材高值化利用的双赢问题提供了理论依据。The small-diameter wood scrimber is a type of wood-based panel,which is made of thinning,brushwood and shrubs with a diameter of less than 15 cm.In order to study on the relationship between small-diameter wood scrimber properties and furniture design,and find out the specific adaptability of them,many scientific research methods have been applied in combination such as comparative analysis,functional analysis,induction,etc.The process and application scope of the small-diameter wood scrimber are summarized.Then,based on the summarized manufacture technologies and application scope of small-diameter wood scrimber,the furniture design processes have been divided into four emphases,i.e.,form design,functional design,emotional design and green design,according to the characteristics of the times and the market demand.Starting with these four aspects,by comparing the similarities of sensory properties such as changes in temperature,light or heavy,soft or hard and surface properties such as texture,color,glossiness between the small-diameter wood scrimber and natural lumber,the mechanical processing performance and function modification of small-diameter wood scrimber and their expansive functions on furniture were analyzed.The origin of the nurturing and cultivation type of the emotional characteristics of the small-diameter trees were described.The increase and decrease of energy consumption in different parts of life cycle assessment (LCA) of the small-diameter wood scrimber were investigated compared with the oriented strand board (OSB) and medium density fiberboard (MDF).This paper analyzes the connection between the inner and surface properties,physical properties and processing properties of the small-diameter wood scrimber.Through this study,the rationality and superiority of the small-diameter wood scrimber used in furniture design and manufacture is verified.And the reference elements for furniture design using the small-diameter wood scrimber are proposed.It also reflects the modification requirements of fu

关 键 词:小径木重组材 家具设计 适应性 关联性 

分 类 号:S781[农业科学—木材科学与技术;农业科学—林学]

 

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