北京市朝阳区劲松社区65岁以上老年人健康体检状况调查  

Investigation on Physical Examination of Elderly People Over 65 Years Old in Jinsong Community in Chaoyang District of Beijing

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作  者:金颖 

机构地区:[1]北京市朝阳区劲松社区卫生服务中心中心办公室,北京100021

出  处:《中国继续医学教育》2018年第10期44-45,共2页China Continuing Medical Education

摘  要:目的对本社区老年健康人群、亚健康人群的体检状况进行调查。方法2016年8—9月本中心对辖区65岁以上老年人1 077例进行免费健康体检。主动接受体检的调查对象占47.8%;被动体检占52.2%。包括查询既往病史、测量血压、血糖及其他常规内科检查。结果“两阶段”不同性别体检情况比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。未参加主动体检的原因主要有:行动困难、不知体检、体检项目不感兴趣等。1 077例体检者,高血压检出率为54.5%。男性高血压检出率52.3%;女性检出率56.3%。不同性别高血压患病情况比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。1 077例体检者中,检出高血糖者202例,高血糖检出率为18.8%。493例男性检出高血糖90例,男性高血糖检出率18.3%;584例女性检出高血糖112例,女性高血糖检出率19.2%。不同性别高血糖患病情况比较,差异无统计学意义(P>0.05)。结论采取“两阶段”模式体检,使体检达到全覆盖65岁以上老年人,能有效地进行慢病筛查,及时掌握老年人健康状况。Objective To investigate the physical examination of the elderly and subhealthy people in this community.Methods From August to September 2016,1 077 cases of elderly people over 65 years of age were examined for free health examination.47.8%of the respondents received physical examination and 52.2%were passive physical examination,including past medical history,blood pressure,blood glucose,and other routine medical examinations.Results There was no statistically significant difference between the two stages of the physical examination of different sexes(P>0.05).The main reasons for not taking active physical examination were difficulty in action,no physical examination,and no interest in physical examination.In 1 077 cases,the rate of hypertension was 54.5%.The rate of male hypertension was 52.3%,and the rate of female was 56.3%.There was no significant difference in the prevalence of hypertension between different sexes(P>0.05).Among the 1 077 cases of physical examination,202 cases of hyperglycemia were detected,and the rate of high blood sugar was 18.8%.90 cases of high blood sugar were detected in 493 cases and 18.3%of male hyperglycemia,112 cases of high blood sugar in 584 cases and 19.2%of high blood sugar in women.There was no significant difference in the prevalence of hyperglycemia between different sexes(P>0.05).Conclusion Taking the"two stage"mode of physical examination to make the physical examination reach the full coverage of the elderly over 65 years old,it can effectively screen for chronic diseases and grasp the health status of the elderly in time.

关 键 词:健康体检 老年人 社区 慢性病管理 

分 类 号:R149.3[医药卫生—军事预防医学;医药卫生—公共卫生与预防医学]

 

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