台湾地区亲属保姆托育补助政策及启示  

Implication and Research on the Childcare Subsidy Policy of Relative as Nurse in Taiwan

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作  者:凌晓俊[1] 陈思慧 LING Xiaojun, CHEN Sihui

机构地区:[1]吉林师范大学教育科学学院学前教育系,吉林四平136000 [2]广东省中山市教育教学研究室

出  处:《天津师范大学学报:基础教育版》2019年第1期84-88,共5页Journal of Tianjin Normal University(Elementary Education Edition)

基  金:吉林省教育厅“十三五”社会科学研究规划项目“‘全面二孩’背景下吉林省农村学前教育资源供需研究”(JJKH20180796SK)阶段性成果.

摘  要:完善的儿童保育政策被视为促进就业、提升生育率的有效措施。台湾地区基于人口生育率低、家庭儿童养育压力大等现状,制定并实施亲属保姆托育补助政策。该政策的制定符合台湾地区祖孙隔代养育及亲属情感亲密的家庭文化传统。该政策通过对亲属保姆进行育儿课程培训,利于提升家庭早期教养品质。亲属保姆托育补助金的发放减轻了家庭儿童托育经济负担。但是实施中也面临认证机构分布不均、托育补助金吸引力不足、公共资源发挥有限等问题。台湾地区亲属保姆托育补助政策显示了其有益作用及待完善的空间,对未来中国大陆儿童保育政策的制定与实施具有重要启示意义。The perfect childcare policy is regarded as an effective measure to promote employment and increase fertility. Based on the status of low fertility of the population and pressure of family children' s parenting in Taiwan province, the childcare subsidy policy for relative as nurse has been formulated and implemented.The formulation of this policy is in line with the tradition of family upbringing and culture of the ancestral and grandparents of the Taiwan region and their close relatives. It improves the quality of early family education through training relative as nannies. Payment of kinship nannies' care grant has reduced the financial burden for each family. However,the implementation also faces some problems such as uneven distribution of certification bodies, insufficient attractiveness of childcare subsidies, and limited use of public resources.The policy shows its beneficial effects and room for improvement, which is of great significance for the formulation and implementation of future child care policies in mainland China.

关 键 词:儿童保育 亲属保姆 托育补助 

分 类 号:G615[文化科学—学前教育学;文化科学—教育学]

 

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