少数民族村寨新兴生计衰变的人类学解读--以云南省一个苗族村寨的烟草种植为例  被引量:2

Anthropological Interpretation of Livelihood Decay in Ethnic Villages:Case from a Hmong Village’ s Tobacco Cultivation in Yunnan

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作  者:郑宇[1] ZHENG Yu (Center for Southwest Border and Ethnic Studies, Yunnan University, Kunming 650091, China)

机构地区:[1]云南大学西南边疆少数民族研究中心,云南昆明650091

出  处:《北方民族大学学报:哲学社会科学版》2014年第5期51-55,共5页Journal of The Second Northwest Institute For Ethnic Minorities(Philosophy and Social Science)

基  金:云南大学“211工程”民族学重点学科建设项目“滇越边境苗族社会结构构建与变迁研究”

摘  要:云南省芭蕉箐苗族村烟草种植新兴生计急速的、由盛而衰的遭遇个案研究,认为其直接缘由包括基础性资源限制、技术难以掌握、与传统生计和生活方式相冲突,以及交易过程的障碍等。而其社会根源,则在于烟草种植会因土地、技术知识、交换网络等的垄断,从而衍生传统均质社会中并不显著的、不合理的新兴权力关系,由此导致村民们放弃烟草种植,以此作为一种抵抗。Qing Miao village in Yunnan encountered a rapid development and a quick declining, which is the case for studying the ethnic development, which include basic resource constraint, Difficult of grasping the technology, and the tra-ditional livelihoods and lifestyles conflict, as well as the trading process the disorders.It would be due to tobacco-growing land, technical knowledge, exchange network monopoly, which derived the traditional homogeneous society, is not signifi-cant and unreasonable emerging power relations, led the villagers to abandon the cultivation of tobacco as a kind of resist-ance.

关 键 词:苗族村寨 生计方式 烟草种植 资源 权力 

分 类 号:F063.6[经济管理—政治经济学]

 

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