论数据权利与交易规制  

An Analysis of Data Rights and Transaction Regulation

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作  者:肖建华[1] 柴芳墨 Xiao Jianhua;Chai Fangmo

机构地区:[1]北京航空航天大学法学院,北京100191

出  处:《中国高校社会科学》2019年第1期83-93,157,158共13页Theoretical Front In Higher Education

基  金:司法部2017年国家法治与法学理论研究课题“数据利益的民事司法保护研究”(17SFB2023)成果.

摘  要:承认数据权利这一新型权利是进行大数据交易的前提。数据权利是一项复杂权利,其权利主体包括个人、信息业者、其他组织和国家,其保护法益包括人格法益和财产法益。当个人作为数据权利的主体时,其权利主要体现为个人数据权;当信息业者作为数据权利的主体时,其权利主要体现为数据财产权。数据在不同主体间流转从而发生数据权利的让渡。大数据交易主要体现为数据收集主体和数据继受主体之间发生的数据权利流转,其交易以不得侵犯个人数据权为前提。数据财产权转让方式比较接近知识产权,交易双方之间的法律关系为许可使用合同法律关系。大数据交易需通过明确权利归属、规范脱敏标准、限制交易主体、强化政府监管和平台法律责任等手段加以规制。Recognition of new rights-the right of data is a foundation for big data transactions. The right of data is a complex right, whose owners include individuals, information industry, other organizations and coun.tries, whose legal interests include the interests of the personality and the interests of the property. When the in.dividual is the owner of the data, the rights are reflected of personality rights. When the information industry, or the government as the owner of the data, the rights are reflected of property rights. The transfer of data in differ.ent subjects leads to the transfer of data rights. Big data transactions are mainly between data collector and the data receiver, the transaction must not violate the data of personality right. The transfer of data property rights is similar to the transfer of intellectual property rights, and the legal relationship between the two parties is the contractual relationship. Big data transactions need to be regulated, including clearing the desensitization stan.dards and rules, clearing the right of data, limiting the parties of transactions, strengthening government regula.tion and platform responsibilities.

关 键 词:大数据 数据权利 交易 规制 

分 类 号:D912.8[政治法律—军事法学;政治法律—法学]

 

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