抚触和动作训练对婴幼儿生长发育影响的效果评价  被引量:9

Effect of massage and motion discipline on growth and development of infant

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作  者:静进 [1] 冯玲英 [2] 李秀红 [1] 吴清 [3] 王子才 [4] 曾淑萍 [5] 顾曰萍  蔡小梅 [7] JING Jin 1, FENG Ling-ying 2, LI Xiu-hong 1,WU Qing 3, WANG Zi-cai 4, ZENG Shu-ping 5, GU Yue-ping 6,CAI Xiao-mei 7.(1 Public Hygiene Zhongshan University,Guangzhou,Guangdong 510080,China; 2 Children Hospital of Fudan University,Shanghai 200032,China; 3 Foshan Maternity and Child Health Hospital,Foshan,Guangdong 528000,China; 4 The Sixth People Hospital of Shanghai,Shanghai 200233,China; 5 Zhuhai Maternity and Child Health Hospital,Zhuhai,Guangdong 519000,China; 6 Changning District Maternity and Child Health Institute, Shanghai 200052,China; 7 Guangdong Maternity and Child Health Hospital Institute, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510000,China)

机构地区:[1]中山大学公共卫生学院,广东,广州,510080 [2]复旦大学附属儿科医院,上海,200032 [3]佛山市妇幼保健院,广东,佛山,528000 [4]上海市第六人民医院,上海,200233 [5]珠海市妇幼保健院,广东,珠海,519000 [6]上海市长宁区妇幼保健院,上海,200052 [7]广东省妇幼保健院,广东,广州,510000

出  处:《中国儿童保健杂志》2004年第6期 468-471,共4页Chinese Journal of Child Health Care

基  金:强生(中国)有限公司资助项目

摘  要:[目的]探讨抚触及动作训练对正常婴儿生长发育的影响.[方法]按随机抽样的方法,将实验对象分为实验组与对照组,对实验组小儿进行抚触和动作训练,对照组不给任何干预,两组小儿定期进行体格检查(体重、身长)并用盖塞尔量表(Gesell)作发育评估.[结果]①出生后开始进行抚触和动作训练者,实验组各阶段体重、身高均高于对照组.两组前半年身高、体重增值差异有显著性;Gesell测试结果表明:实验组6个月五大能区发育商(develop mental quotient,DQ)均显著高于对照组(P<0.05),12个月时除大动作,其余各能区DQ均显著高于对照组(P<0.05).②6个月开始进行抚触和动作训练者,12个月时两组体重、身高比较接近,但实验组身高增值显著高于对照组(P<0.05).Gesell测试结果,12个月时适应性、运动能、语言及个人-社交能区DQ显著高于对照组(P<0.05).[结论]无论从出生开始,还是出生后6个月开始对婴儿进行抚触和动作训练,对婴儿的生长发育均有促进作用.Objective To explore the effect of massage and motion discipline on growth and development of normal infants. The subjects were distributed into the experiment group and the control group respectively with random sampling method. The experiment groups had received massage and motion discipline .The control groups were not trained. Regularly growth and developments of two groups were evaluated. ① The experiment infants who received massage and motion discipline beginning from newborn period, were higher in length and body weight than those of the control group. In the first half year, there were significant differences both on the enhancement of body weight and on the enhancement of length between the two groups. At the age of half year, the developmental quotient(DQ) of the experiment group was significant higher than that of the control group on the adaptive behavior, gross motor, fine motor, language, personal-social behavior. At the age of one year, the DQ of the experiment group was higher than that of the control one on the adaptive behavior, fine motor, language, personal-social behavior. There was significant difference between the two groups. ② For the infants received training beginning from 6 months old, at the age of 12 months, the length and the weight of the experiment group were slightly higher than those of the control group, while there was very significant difference on the enhancement of length. At the same time, the DQs of the adaptive behavior, the motor, language and personal-social behavior were higher than those of the control group. There was significant difference between the two groups. [Conclusion] Both beginning from newborn period and 6 months old, massage and motion discipline could promote the physical and intelligence development of infants.

关 键 词:抚触 动作 生长发育 婴儿 

分 类 号:R174.2[医药卫生—妇幼卫生保健;医药卫生—公共卫生与预防医学]

 

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